Combined Maritime Forces (CMF)

A 34-nation naval partnership

CTF 150: Maritime Security

Currently Commanded by:

Royal Saudi Naval Forces 

Combined Task Force 150 (CTF 150) is one of four task forces operated by Combined Maritime Forces (CMF). CTF150 conducts Maritime Security Operations (MSO) outside the Arabian Gulf to ensure that legitimate commercial shipping can transit the region, free from non-state threats.

CTF 150’s mission is to disrupt criminal and terrorist organisations and their mandated related illicit activities by restricting their freedom of manoeuvre in the maritime domain. CTF150’s activities deny criminal and terrorist organisations a risk-free method of conducting operations or moving personnel, weapons or income-generating narcotics and charcoal.

Royal Navy and Royal Marines personnel from HMS Montrose stand with more than 6200 lbs of narcotics seized from a vessel in the Arabian Sea, March 12, 2021 

CTF 150’s Area of Responsibility (AOR) includes some of the world’s busiest shipping lanes and spans over two million square miles, covering the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman (but not inside the Arabian Gulf, which is the responsibility of CTF 152). This area is a vital artery of world trade from the Far East to Europe and the US, with thousands of shipping movements per year including the transportation of over 27 million barrels of oil[1]. In addition, the AOR contains the approaches to three narrow waterways, known as ‘choke points’, where vessels are required to pass closely between two shorelines. These are the Strait of Hormuz, Bab El Mandeb and the Suez Canal. This means ships have limited manoeuvrability and are more vulnerable than would otherwise be the case in open waters.

Members of HMCS Calgary board a dhow, on 6 June 2021, during OPERATION ARTEMIS as part of Combined Task Force 150.

History

Task Force 150 was a US Navy formation under the control of the US Naval Forces Central Command (CENTCOM). After the terrorist attacks of September 11 2001, it was re-established as a multinational coalition in order to undertake counter-terrorism operations at sea as part of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). The coalition has grown and evolved beyond that operation’s scope to encompass and address wider maritime security threats from mandated illicit non-state actors to member states.

Composition

CTF 150 is a multinational task force. Participating nations have included: Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Spain, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Command of CTF 150 generally rotates between nations on a four monthly basis.

Maritime Security Operations (MSO)

Maritime Security Operations (MSO) are intelligence led and carefully planned to develop security in the maritime environment, thereby contributing to stability and prosperity on a regional and a global level.

Boarding teams from the FS Nivôse approach a suspicious dhow leading to the capture of 1,494 lbs of methamphetamine and heroin, March 19, 2021

MSO deter and deny the use of the maritime environment to criminal and terrorist organisations and the facilitation of their malign activities. MSO complement the security efforts of regional nations on land. MSO are conducted under international maritime law and international maritime conventions to help ensure security and safety in international waters. This ensures that all commercial shipping can operate freely while transiting the region.

CTF 150 vessels also assist mariners in distress and undertake humanitarian work as required.

CTF 150 Command History

DateCountryNumber of Times
05-Feb-02Germany1
02-Sep-02Spain1
31-Jan-03Italy1
01-Jun-03Germany2
29-Sep-03France1
29-Jan-04UK1
04-Apr-04France2
19-Sep-04UK 2
06-Dec-04Germany3
05-Apr-05UK3
17-Aug-05France3
12-Dec-05Netherlands1
24-Apr-06Pakistan1
22-Aug-06Germany4
06-Dec-06UK4
04-Apr-07France4
01-Aug-07Pakistan2
04-Apr-08France5
03-Jun-08Canada1
15-Sep-08Denmark 1
12-Jan-09Germany5
04-Apr-09France 6
20-Jul-09Pakistan3
16-Dec-09Australia1
15-Apr-10Pakistan4
14-Oct-10Australia 2
04-Apr-11France7
01-Aug-11UK5
16-Dec-11Australia3
17-Apr-12Pakistan5
30-Aug-12UK6
20-Dec-12Australia 4
14-Apr-13France 8
01-Aug-13Pakistan 6
01-Dec-13Australia 5
10-Apr-14UK 7
14-Aug-14Pakistan7
04-Dec-14Canada2
06-Apr-15France9
30-Jul-15Pakistan 8
03-Dec-15Australia6
07-Apr-16UK8
04-Aug-16Pakistan 9
08-Dec-16Canada3
13-Apr-17France 10
17-Aug-17Pakistan10
07-Dec-17Australia7
24-May-18UK9
09-Aug-18KSA1
06-Dec-18Canada4
28-Apr-19Pakistan11
08-Aug-19UK10
05-Dec-19Australia 8
19-Mar-20France11
5-Aug-20KSA2
27-Jan-21Canada5
15-Jul-21New Zealand1
18-Jan-22Pakistan12
21-Jul-22KSA3

CTF150 Command History by Country

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