Combined Maritime Forces (CMF)

A 33-nation naval partnership

CTF 150: Maritime Security

Currently Commanded by:

The French Marine Nationale 

https://www.defense.gouv.fr/marine 

Combined Task Force 150 (CTF 150) is one of three task forces operated by Combined Maritime Forces (CMF).

CTF 150’s mission is disrupt terrorist organisations and their related illegal activities by restricting their freedom of manouevre in the maritime domain.

The activities of CTF 150 are a critical part of global counter-terrorism efforts, as terrorist organisations are denied a risk-free method of conducting operations or moving personnel, weapons or income-generating narcotics and charcoal.

The crew of the French Marine Nationale FS COURBET with 3534kg of hashish valued at $1.8m USD (regional wholesale value) seized on 13 Dec 2019.

Maritime Security Operations (MSO) also ensure that legitimate commercial shipping can freely transit the region.

CTF 150’s Area of Operation includes some of the world’s busiest shipping lanes and spans over two million square miles, covering the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman (but not the Arabian Gulf, which is the responsibility of CTF 152). This area is a vital artery of world trade from the Far East to Europe and the US, with thousands of shipping movements per year including the transportation of over 27 million barrels of oil[1]. In addition, the AOR contains three narrow waterways, known as ‘choke points’, where vessels are required to pass closely between two shorelines. These include the Strait of Hormuz, Bab El Mandeb and the Suez Canal. This means ships have limited maneuverability and are more vulnerable than would otherwise be the case in open waters.

Royal Marines Commando Boarding Team from HMS DEFENDER boarding a Dhow in which 131kg of narcotics were seized on 19 Dec 2019

History

Task Force 150 was a US Navy formation under the control of the US Naval Forces Central Command (CENTCOM). After the terrorist attacks of September 11 2001, it was re-established as a multinational coalition in order to undertake counter-terrorism operations at sea as part of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). The coalition has grown and evolved beyond that operation’s scope to encompass and address widely perceived maritime security threats to member states.

Composition

CTF 150 is a multinational task force. Participating nations have included: Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Republic of Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, and Turkey, United Kingdom and United States. Participation is purely voluntary and no nation is asked to carry out any duty that it is unwilling to conduct. Command of CTF 150 is generally rotated between nations on a four monthly basis.

Maritime Security Operations (MSO)

Maritime Security Operations (MSO) are intelligence led and carefully planned to develop security in the maritime environment, thereby contributing to stability and prosperity on a regional and a global level.

FS JEAN BART stands watch as her sea boats close on a suspicious Dhow in Oct 19

MSO deter and deny the use of the maritime environment for terrorism and the facilitation of malign activities.  MSO complements the counter-terrorism and security efforts of regional nations on land.  MSO are conducted under international maritime law and international maritime conventions to help ensure security and safety in international waters. This ensures that all commercial shipping can operate freely while transiting the region.

CTF 150 vessels also assist mariners in distress and undertake humanitarian work as required.

CTF 150 Command History

DateCountryNumber of Times
05-Feb-02Germany1
02-Sep-02Spain1
31-Jan-03Italy1
01-Jun-03Germany2
29-Sep-03France1
29-Jan-04UK1
04-Apr-04France2
19-Sep-04UK 2
06-Dec-04Germany3
05-Apr-05UK3
17-Aug-05France3
12-Dec-05Netherlands1
24-Apr-06Pakistan1
22-Aug-06Germany4
06-Dec-06UK4
04-Apr-07France4
01-Aug-07Pakistan2
04-Apr-08France5
03-Jun-08Canada1
15-Sep-08Denmark 1
12-Jan-09Germany5
04-Apr-09France 6
20-Jul-09Pakistan3
16-Dec-09Australia1
15-Apr-10Pakistan4
14-Oct-10Australia 2
04-Apr-11France7
01-Aug-11UK5
16-Dec-11Australia3
17-Apr-12Pakistan5
30-Aug-12UK6
20-Dec-12Australia 4
14-Apr-13France 8
01-Aug-13Pakistan 6
01-Dec-13Australia 5
10-Apr-14UK 7
14-Aug-14Pakistan7
04-Dec-14Canada2
06-Apr-15France9
30-Jul-15Pakistan 8
03-Dec-15Australia6
07-Apr-16UK8
04-Aug-16Pakistan 9
08-Dec-16Canada3
13-Apr-17France 10
17-Aug-17Pakistan10
07-Dec-17Australia7
24-May-18UK9
09-Aug-18KSA1
06-Dec-18Canada4
28-Apr-19Pakistan11
08-Aug-19UK10
05-Dec-19Australia 8
CTF150 Command History by Country

[1] Reference: “World Oil Transit Checkpoints”, 2017, US Energy Information Administration