CTF-152 is one of three task forces operated by Combined Maritime Forces (CMF).
CTF-152 operates in the Arabian Gulf where it coordinates Theatre Security Cooperation (TSC) activities with regional partners, conducts Maritime Security Operations (MSO), and remains prepared to respond to any crisis that may develop.
The Arabian Gulf is a 989 kilometer-long inland sea that separates Iran from the Arabian Peninsula. Countries with a coastline on the Arabian Gulf, called the Gulf States, are (clockwise, from the north): Iran, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar on a peninsula off the Saudi coast, Bahrain on an island, and Kuwait and Iraq in the northwest.
Today the Gulf is one of the most strategic waterways in the world due to its importance in world oil transportation. It contains in the region of 700 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, representing over half of the world’s oil reserves, and over 2,000 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves (45% of the world total). Arabian Gulf countries maintain about one-third of the world’s productive oil capacity. The majority of the oil exported from the Arabian Gulf is transported by sea.
CTF-152 was established in March 2004. It operates in the international waters of the Arabian Gulf and takes part in Operation Enduring Freedom.
CTF-152 is a multinational task force which has included participation from Kuwait, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Italy, Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States
Participation is purely voluntary. No nation is asked to carry out any duty that it is unwilling to conduct.
Command of CTF-152 is rotated between participatory nations on a three to six month basis.