Combined Maritime Forces (CMF)

A 33-nation maritime security partnership

CTF 152: Gulf Maritime Security

Currently Commanded by:

The Royal Jordanian Navy

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Established in March 2004, CTF 152 is one of three task forces operated by Combined Maritime Forces (CMF). CTF 152 enhances regional maritime cooperation focusing on illicit non-state actors in the Arabian Gulf, especially between Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) nations.

CTF 152 operates inside the Arabian Gulf where it coordinates Theatre Security Cooperation (TSC) activities with regional partners, conducts Maritime Security Operations (MSO), and remains prepared to respond to any crisis involving illicit non-state actors which may develop.

The Task Force also operates to protect the international waters around key maritime infrastructure, including oil platforms, from a terrorist threat. CTF 152 operations influence events ashore as criminal groups and other non-state actors seek to undermine maritime security or conduct other unlawful activity are denied the freedom to conduct activities to further their cause.

History

The Arabian Gulf is a 989 kilometre-long inland sea that separates Iran from the Arabian Peninsula. Countries with a coastline on the Arabian Gulf include Iran, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq.

Today the Arabian Gulf is one of the most strategically important waterways in the world due to its importance in world oil transportation. It contains in the region of 800 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, representing nearly half of the world’s oil, and over 2,800 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves (42.5% of the world total)[1]. Arabian Gulf countries maintain about one-third of the world’s productive oil capacity. The majority of the oil exported from the Arabian Gulf is transported by sea.

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Members of CTF152 conduct Visit, Board, Search and Seizure (VBSS) drills in the Arabian Gulf during Exercise Falcon Warrior 2017

Composition

Command of CTF 152 is rotated between participating nations on a three to twelve month basis. Countries that have commanded CTF152 include Kuwait, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and UAE. A variety of other countries also assign vessels, aircraft and personnel to the task force, including Qatar, the United Kingdom, the United States and Australia.

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CTF152 Command History

DateCountryNo of Times
28-Jun-05USA1
28-Jun-06Italy1
03-Dec-06USA2
24-Apr-07USA3
29-Sep-07USA4
04-Mar-08Bahrain1
05-Jun-08UK1
28-Sep-08USA5
23-Oct-08USA6
20-Jan-09Australia1
27-Apr-09USA7
25-Jun-09UK2
09-Nov-09UAE1
09-May-10Kuwait Navy1
06-Jan-11Bahrain2
11-May-11UAE2
22-Sep-11Kuwait Navy2
21-Jun-12USA8
06-Jun-13USA9
01-Jun-14US 10
02-Sep-14KSA1
02-Sep-15Kuwait Navy 3
02-Mar-16Kuwait Navy 4
08-Sep-16Jordan1
14-Sep-17KSA2
06-Sep-18Kuwait Coast Guard1
28-Feb-19Kuwait Coast Guard2
29-Aug-19Jordan2
29-Feb-20Jordan3
CTF 152 Command History

[1] Reference: “BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2017”

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